Kavarna is a small port town with a broad outlet on the Black Sea to the Eastern and Southern sides. The coastline combines cliffs with beaches and abrasive formations such as caves and fissures. Kavarna is one of the ancient towns on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast. In the past it had been situated closer to the sea, but after an earthquake the old town Byzone had been partly drowned and later, in Roman times, it was rebuilt at a new place, 3 km inland. During the times of the First and Second Bulgarian Kingdom the town was an administrative centre of Dobrudza.
The best-known legend tells us, that 40 girls, the sole survivors of a Turkish attack, tied their plaits of hair and jumped from the rocks to their deaths so that the Turks could not convert them to Islam. Today an obelisk stands near an opening in the rock, called "the gate of the 40 maidens" to memorialize this event. Another legend tells of St. Nikolay, patron saint of sailors. As he ran towards the sea to escape his Turkish pursuers, the land kept stretching under his feet – but to no avail, as he was caught and killed. At the very tip of the cape a small chapel was built, restored later in 1993, to mark his symbolic grave. Today the cape of Kaliakra is a peaceful nature reserve, where hooded cormorants nests, seals and dolphins cavort in the sea, and pink starlings and rock blackbirds frequent the cliffs and caves.