With its picturesque houses, green gardens and flower beds along the streets the town of Gotse Delchev looks like a painted cradle tightly tied to the granite Pirin tops, like an aery hid in the valley near the ancient Nestos. It is a town rich in history, spiritual generosity, warm southern sun and fruitful land. Time has left uncountable number of memories about the tribes and people that lived here in the course of centuries. The land itself is much more rich in historical chronicles telling us the truth about the dramatic life of the town.
According to archeologists the siliceous tools found near the town park belong to the Neolithic period (7th-6th mill. BC). The foundations of Thracian settlements and tombs, beautiful copper helmets and motley mosaics tribe of the name of Besi that inhabited the land along Mesta River and scientists are still looking for some traces left from the legendary Orpheus in this land. The valley of Mesta is from ancient times a crossroad of important roads that lead to the north from Aegean Sea to Serdica and to the East from Vardar to the Thracian lowland. Racing on their strong "whiter than snow, faster than wind, and brighter than sun" horses the soldiers of the Thracian king Rhesos protected their land from invaders. Later, Alexander The Great stopped near Nestos, crossed the river and directed himself toward Dionysus Sanctuary where he was foretold the brilliant future of a soldier and conqueror. Each of this great men left traces, the one left nothing but ashes, the other built new cities.
In the 2nd century AD celebrating his victory over the Roman Emperor Trajan built the ancient Nikopolis ad Nestum on the left bank of the river. After its decline a new town named Nevrokop was built – it was young, vital full of energy and contents that lived through the hardships of time under its Bulgarian name. The white veranda houses of Varosha and Kumosala, the trim late baroque of patron Yancho, the imposing residence of Rifat Bey. The stony naves of three Bulgarian churches splendid in their architecture, spring up like in a fairy tale in the years of the National Revival. At that time people of Nevrokop started their struggle for national consciousness: they opened Bulgarian churches and schools and decorated them with the master pieces, opened a library, a school for girls and a teacher’s association.
Nevrokop people listened avidly the fiery speeches of Gotse and Yane, they turned every house in a military fortress and every forest near the town in a free Bulgarian territory. The liberty of Nevrokop yearned after in a course of five centuries becomes a reality during the Balkan War on 19th September, 1921. That is the story of that town from the ancient Nikopolis ad Nestum and the old Nevrokop to the present day town of Gotse Delchev. And if this land has kept the memory of splendid antique mosaics and human hand has built the strong fortress of Momina Kula and Sudin Grad, the spiritual richness of its people continues to live through the bright colour embroideries of Banichan women, the snow-white bells. It lives through the beautiful melody of Nevrokop songs both manly and endearing having preserved their eternal beauty throughout the centuries.