The town of Gorna Oriahovitsa (40 829 inhabitants) is situated at the northern foothill of Tarnovo Elevations, 7 km northeast from Veliko Tarnovo and 247 km northeast from Sofia.
The first information about the settlement dates back to the second half of the 5th millennium BC and is related to the ruins found near Blatoto place (the Swamp). The ruins were of rectangular houses made of hedge and clay. There were also traces of early Thracian settlements near Pchelno Miasto place, which is approximately 3 km east from the town of Gorna Oriahovitsa, between Kamaka elevation and Arbanassi Mound. The inhabitants of the settlement were from the krobizes tribe. The settlement had significant dimensions – it covered an area of over 100 decares. Kamaka Fortress was erected in order to provide security to the settlement. The settlement itself existed from the 5th to the 1st century BC up to the coming of the Romans who invaded the place and later built their own settlement over its ruins. The new Roman settlement gradually acquired economic power, growing mainly grapes and producing wine. The existence of the settlement continued up to the coming of the Slavs (6th-7th century AD). There is no substantiated evidence of a settlement life during the period from the 7th to the 12th century.
One can visit the Town Museum of History, the house of Sider Chieftain, Joint School, St. Nikola and St. George churches, the monument of Georgi Izmirliev, which is in the centre of the town, as well as the monuments of Vasil Levski, Hristo Botev and Sider Chieftain.
The town of Gorna Oriahovitsa is the biggest railway centre in North Bulgaria.
The ruins of the Rahovets mediaeval fortress are located 4 km northwest from Gorna Oriahovitsa. Guests of the town can also visit the Bahadur place where they can see a mediaeval necropolis, also St. Petka Fountain and Ovchar’s Fountain, from which a water pipelie was brought to Rahovets Fortress. The ruins of the Thracian Fortress on Kamaka elevation are located south of Rahovets.