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Geographic Information



Geographic location


     Bulgaria is located in Southeastern Europe. To the north it borders Romania, to the east – the Black Sea, to the south – Turkey and Greece, to the west – Republic of Serbia  and the Republic of Macedonia.

It has strategic location near Turkish Straits and controls key land routes from Europe to the Middle East and Asia.                                                                                                                                            

     Total Area:                    110.910 sq. km

     Climate:                         temperate; cold, damp winter; hot, dry summers


     Terrain:                          mostly mountains with lowlands in the north and southeast


     Population:                    7 351 234 million (2011 census)


     Political System:             Parliamentary Democracy


     Capital:                          Sofia (1,4 million inhabitants)